Top 25 Careers in Psychology

At the most general level, a psychologist is a professional who evaluates and studies behavior and mental processes. Some psychologists focus on clinical work, where they help patients with issues they may be having. Other psychologists spend their time researching theory and data to come up with new philosophies.

Top 25 careers in psychology graphicYou can work in multiple different jobs as a psychologist (see our list of the top 25 psychology careers below), but there are several major areas of psychology:

  • Clinical Psychology
    The most predominate area in which psychologists work is in clinical setting. There are an estimated 150,000+ people working in a clinical psychology setting. This area of psychology includes what most people think of when they think of psychology: a psychologist in a private, office setting, helping patients through their issues and problems.
  • Organizational Psychology
    Organizational / business / industrial psychology is a growing area. Businesses hire organizational psychologists to help with Human Resources, the hiring process, management, and even marketing.
  • Counseling Psychology
    A closely related area of psychology to clinical psychology is counseling psychology. Similar to the clinical setting, counselors work in mostly private settings helping patients. Most counselors do not work in a private practice, but a larger organization such as a hospital, non-profit, or institution of education.

In the United States, there are an estimated 170,200 psychologist jobs, 152,000 are employed in clinical, counseling, and school positions, as of the last data in 2012 from the US Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics.


Types of Psychology

There are many different types of psychology - over 30 of them, by our count. We have assembled all of the different pscyhology degrees and matched them up to the different types of psychology. Then, we have researched the top careers in psychology and gathered them into one comprehensive list. From this list below on the top 25 psychology careers, you will find out the following information for each of the top 25 psychology careers listed below:


PSYCHOLOGY OCCUPATION: The name of the psychology occupation


AREA OF STUDY: The area of psychology the job is within


BRIEF JOB DESCRIPTION: A summary of the job description for the psychology career


MIN DEGREE: The minimum degree requirements for the career


A JOB FOR...: In just a few words, who this job would be good for (assuming you have a basic interest in general psychology of course)


Top 25 Psychology Careers

PSYCHOLOGY OCCUPATION AREA OF STUDY BRIEF JOB DESCRIPTION WORKPLACE SETTING MIN DEGREE A JOB FOR...

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Mental Health Psychology Studies extreme or unusual human behavior, finds ways to correct or change the abnormal behavior. Tends to be more research-based. Clinical settings, mental health facilities or hospitals Master's or Higher, Doctorate for private practice The research-inclined

BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Behavioral Psychology Similar to Abnormal Psychologists, use research-based theory to correct behaviors such as depression, substance abuse, mental illness. Private practice or clinical setting, mental health facility Master's, Doctorate for private practice The "fixer"

CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST

Family Psychology Focus on children, diagnosing and treating psychological disorders. Private practice or clinical setting, children's hospital Master's, Doctorate for private practice The compassionate

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Clinical Psychology General psychologist with all-encompassing knowledge for a clinical practice. Private practice or clinical setting, mental health facility Doctorate for private practice The motivated, compassionate

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGIST

Cognitive Psychology Study mental processes such as memory, perception, and learning. Research facilities or treatment facilities Master's, Doctorate for private practice The perceptive

COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGIST

Counseling An "everyday" psychologist, typically helps patients deal with everyday stress. Private practice or business workplace Master's, Doctorate for private practice The compassionate and helping kind

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Developmental Psychology Specialized area where they work with different life stages and patients with developmental disabilities. Private practice or business workplace Master's, Doctorate for private practice The organized, disciplined, compassionate

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Education Assists children that are experiencing learning problems. Can help with learning disabilities. School or educational facility or private practice Master's, Doctorate for private practice The inquisitive

EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGIST

Developmental Psychology Theoretical approach to mental and psychology and adaptations. Research facility, university center Master's, Doctorate for private practice The researcher

EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Research Researchers that study behavior, thoughts, and processes in humans and animals. Research facility PhD/Doctorate or pursuing doctorate The inquisitive, research-oriented

FAMILY THERAPY PSYCHOLOGIST

Family Psychology Work with families to solve issues or disagreements. Typically in a group setting in a private practice Master's, Doctorate for private practice The "family first" believers

FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGIST

Forensics Study criminals and their crimes to gain a better understanding of reasoning for crimes, and to help solve crimes. Laboratory or criminal facility Master's or Higher The "solvers"

NEUROLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Neuropsychology Specialized profession focusing on the relationship between the brain and a person's behavior. Laboratory or research facility Master's, Doctorate for private practice The research-oriented

ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Business & Organizational Psychology Typically works in a business environment and applies psychology theory and practice to Human Resources, Sales, Marketing, and Management to help further the business. Corporation, office setting Master's or higher The organized, business-savvy

PSYCHIATRIC TECHNICIAN

Technical Assistance Provide hands-on care to people with mental health illnesses or disabilities. Mental health facility Associate's or Higher The helper

PROFESSOR OF PSYCHOLOGY

Education Teaches college students on the theory of psychology, either general or specialized. University or college PhD/Doctorate The teacher

PSYCHOANALYST

Neuropsychology Works to understand and solve problems at the sub-conscious level, based on Freudian principles. Laboratory or private setting Master's or Doctorate The "Freud"

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGIST

Education, Counseling Work with students and teachers in their abilities and processes to learn and teach. Can also work with behavior, learning, or developmental disabilities that impede learning. School, college, or university setting Master's, Doctorate for private practice The helper of students

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGIST

Social Psychology Works to understand an individual or group's behaviors, feelings, and thoughts. Clinical setting Master's, Doctorate for private practice The socially responsible

SOCIAL WORKER

Social Psychology Work to protect children and families that need assistance. Non-profits, clinical, schools, hospitals, many settings Master's or Higher The socially responsible

SPORTS PSYCHOLOGIST

Organizational & Sports Psychology Can work in research or counseling positions, using data and theorem to understand, correct, and challenge an athlete's or team's performance. Sports teams, fields, courts, athletic facilities Master's, Doctorate for private practice The sports-inclined

CAREER COUNSELOR

Education, Counseling Guides individuals, usually students, through the process in understanding what they want their career to be. Schools or counseling centers Bachelor's or Higher The career adviser, helper

MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELOR

Counseling, Mental Health Typically work directly with clients to understand and work to progress mental and emotional issues. Private practice, counseling centers, schools Master's, Doctorate for private practice The compassionate

REHABILITATION COUNSELOR

Rehabilitative Psychology Help rehabilitate issues caused by physical, mental, or emotional disability. Rehabilitation centers, hospitals or healthcare facilities Master's, Doctorate for private practice The rehabilitator

SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELOR

Substance Abuse, Mental Health Psychology Works to understand and rehabilitate issues stemming from substance abuse. Substance abuse centers, rehabilitation facilities, healthcare or hospital facilities Master's, Doctorate for private practice The rehabilitator

Top Psychology Salaries

Below are the top careers, salarly information, and employment information that is expected of the career in Psychology.
Data from the BLS.

PSYCHOLOGISTS EMPLOYED MEDIAN SALARY EST INCREASE: JOBS BY 2024

Psychologists

173,900 $70,700 19% (much faster than average)

Clinical Psychologists

104,730 $68,900 19% (much faster than average)

Mental Health Counselors

168,200 $42,250 19% (much faster than average)

Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors

94,900 $39,270 22% (much faster than average)

School and Career Counselors

273,400 $53,370 8% (as fast as average)

Social Workers

649,300 $45,500 12% (faster than average)

View all Psychology Degrees here.